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National College of Ireland


Academic Integrity Guide: AI Text Generators (ChatGPT)

Beyond open book versus closed book: a taxonomy of restrictions in online examinations by Phillip Dawson, Kelli Nicola-Richmond & Helen Partridge. Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education, May 9 2023.

ENAI Recommendations on the ethical use of Artificial Intelligence in Education by Foltynek, T., Bjelobaba, S., Glendinning, I. et al. International Journal for Educational Integrity, 19 (12), May 1 2023.

War of the chatbots: Bard, Bing Chat, ChatGPT, Ernie and beyond. The new AI gold rush and its impact on higher education by Rudolph, J., Tan, S., & Tan, S. Journal of Applied Learning & Teaching, 6(1), April 24 2023.

ChatGPT in higher education: Considerations for academic integrity and student learning by Miriam Sullivan, Andrew Kelly, and Paul McLaughlan, Journal of Applied Learning and Teaching, 6(1), March 20 2023.

So what if ChatGPT wrote it? Multidisciplinary perspectives on opportunities, challenges and implications of generative conversational AI for research, practice and policy by Dwivedi et al, International Journal of Information Management, 71, March 1 2023.


What are ChatGPT and its friends? by Mike Loukides, O'Reilly, March 2023.

Quick Start Guide to Large Language Models: Strategies and Best Practices for using ChatGPT and Other LLMs by Sinan Ozdemir, Addison Wesley, October 2023.

Please Note: For much more exhaustive lists of resources in this area see Anna Mill's Google Doc, and QAA's artificial intelligence page.


NCI is currently updating its Academic Integrity Policy to address the subject of AI text generators. However, prior to these changes being ratified you can refer to NCI Academic Integrity Policy on Assessments and use of AI Generated Material such as ChatGPT which provides guidance which will be updated on a continual basis. Please Note: This is a draft policy prepared by Professor Leo Casey. It is intended to supplement and clarify existing policy not as a replacement to any existing policy.

Please also note this FAQ on Turnitin's AI detection capabilities

This guide provides a snapshot of some of the sources of information available on generative AI systems such as ChatGPT, Bard etc. but for much more exhaustive lists we would recommend Anna Mill's Google Doc, and QAA's artificial intelligence page. Maha Bali's blog post What I Mean When I Say Critical AI Literacy includes a lot of links to other useful resources.